Name: Seemanta Sharma Bhagabati
Title: A GAME THEORY ANALYSIS OF TRANSBOUNDARY IMPACTS OF HYDROPOWER DEVELOPMENT IN THE MEKONG: CASE OF 3S SUB-BASIN
Hydropower dam development has enormous economic, environmental, and social impacts at a local, national, and trans-national level. It has become a priority in water resources, environmental, and economic planning in transboundary water systems. The impact on downstream users is of particular concern, as hydropower development has historically both positively and negatively impacted downstream players in significant ways. It has been suggested that transboundary water conflicts, such as those that may arise from hydropower dam development, may be resolved through benefit sharing. Game theory has been used as a conceptual tool to analyse the possibilities for benefit sharing and their relative optimality and equitability. This study attempts to investigate the utility of a game theory approach for the impact of hydropower dam development on water resources adaptation in transboundary sub-basins. The study area is the 3S basin in the Mekong River Basin, covering areas in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Regional stakeholders’ feedback has been incorporated to define models and methodologies, and an adaptation strategy for the area has been proposed. This study proposed a methodology for analysing complex transboundary river-basin issues, which will provide an important basis for local policy decisions and regional planning in the Mekong River and beyond.