Assessing Soil Salinity Using the Relationship of Satellite Image Observation with Electrical Conductivity

Name: Sasirin Srisomkiew

ID: – 

Title: Assessing Soil Salinity Using the Relationship of Satellite Image Observation with Electrical Conductivity

Type: Thesis

Abstract

The problem of soil salinity in Thailand is prominent, especially in the Northeast region. Remote sensing technologies have recently been employed for mappingsoil salinity. The objective of this study is to develop a technique of utilizing satellite remote sensing data for assessing soil salinity. Five districts from the province of Nakhon Ratchasima were selected for this study from which 30 different soil samples were collected for laboratory analysis.The correlation of spectral reflectance with electrical conductivity was established by using the remote sensing data from Landsat 8 OLI and laboratory EC. Analysis showed blue band, NDSI and salinity index S4 have high correlation with observed EC. The multiple regression analysis between EC and the spectral reflectance generated the 8 models which showed R2 more than 70%. Using there gression equation from model generated we predict the EC value for soil samples and each pixel of Landsat 8 OLI data. Subsequently the soil salinitymap was generated by classifying EC according to its observed value.Verification of models from Landsat 8 OLI was done using HJ-1A satellite image to check if models be used with other satellite. Regression equation of model 7and 8 of Landsat 8 OLI was used to predict EC for HJ-1A as all band of Landsat 8OLI was not available. The soil salinity map was then generated for HJ-1A for which the accuracy of the salinity map was evaluated by comparing random pixel from model 7 and model 8 of Landsat 8 OLI and HJ-1A with the soil series data.The overall accuracy of 65% and 70% was observed for model 7 of HJ and model 7 of Landsat 8 OLI with the soil series data. Outlining the overall study, the correlation analysis between prediction variables and observed EC was useful tostudy depth on the prediction model and hence generate the soil salinity map.The map thus provided us information of distribution of salinity in the study area. The acceptable accuracy from accuracy assessment thus implied that prediction model and map produced was well-suited for mapping and monitoring the salinity in the area.

Keywords: Remote sensing, Spectral Reflectance,Electrical Conductivity (EC), Correlation, Soil Salinity

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