Suitability Map Analysis for Planning Wildlife Corridor: A Case Study of Elephants in Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand

Name: Pichitporn Pholgerddee

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Title: Suitability Map Analysis for Planning Wildlife Corridor: A Case Study of Elephants in Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand

Type: Thesis

Abstract

Nowadays, many forests are scattered into small piece due to geographical factors and human activities, the development of roads, railways, settlements, agriculture, etc. These factors can impact and threaded status of wildlife populations especially the large animals in long term. In this study, data were collected by sending questionnaires to three experts. In data analysis, the research uses AHP method for finding priority weight of each factor and creating habitat suitability for elephant based on experts’ opinion from questionnaires. The results can response the first objective which aims to investigate criteria for prioritizing various factors according to their suitability with elephant’s habitats by using AHP technique. Moreover, the habitat suitability which are generated by applying AHP technique and without AHP technique are compared with the appearance of elephant data. It found that the method with AHP technique is as likely accurate as the method without AHP technique at the time when dividing the number of elephants in the most suitable area with the total number of elephants. The results gained 72% of elephant appear in the most suitable area for map generated by AHP technique and 70% for map generated by without AHP technique. Furthermore, using habitat suitability for finding wildlife corridor can respond the second objective mentioned to develop the wildlife corridor suitable map for elephant. After connecting four wildland blocks all together, the results turned out that the elephants have more habitat and area for their living. For further research, there should be a study of possible plan to establish corridor in the global level to conserve creatures’ habitats.

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